Links and documentation related to LaTeX, TeX and MikTeX


Problems with amstex. The command "\input amstex" in a file seems to throw off miktex. How does one get around this problem?  I need to process this command for TeXing any file to be published in the Proceedings of the AMS

Are you trying to use AMSTeX or AMS-Latex.  These are two different programs. AMS-Latex is included in miktex, and is accessed using the miktex latex command.  The relevant file used to be called amstex.sty.  The current version of this is called amsmath.sty.  It is invoked in latex with the command \usepackage{amsmath}. 

AMSTEX is apparently not included in miktex, which may be why you are having trouble.   This is a package that can be used in TeX rather than Latex, and is usually invoked with the command \input amstex.  I downloaded AMSTEX, and installed in in my localtexmf directory.  It works fine for me (I just checked).  I am using miktex 1.11, but have not installed the various updates to miktex.  I think you can download AMSTEX from either CTAN or the AMS.  Be sure to refresh the filename database after you install it. 


If you need interactive editing of BibTeX, *.bib files, look at

Spanish BibTeX documentation sites: and

Babel, spanish version 1.0. Look CTAN at:

The Excalibur Standard Dictionary
If you only need the updated version:

Spanish Dictionary to be usesd with Ispell

Spanish Dictionary: Look also at or at CTAN:...\systems\win32\winedt\contributions.

How to include a reference with the help of bibtex.
The Documentation is in your miktex installation under doc/bibtex.  You might try also the book "The LaTeX Companion",  published by Addison-Wesley. The following steps will help.

1) Decide on a directory where you will keep your bibtex database, which are all your *.bib files.  You can have one *.bib file or dozens filed by category or particular authors.   The same database files will be used for ALL your LaTeX papers.   DO NOT keep separate *.bib files in the directories w/your papers.  BiBTeX is smart, and you don't want redundancy.

Now see the MiKTeX local guide or the help files in doc/miktex to configure miktex with a bibtex path.

For instance, my *.bib files are in c:\users\xxx\Bibliographies and here is an excerpt from my miktex.ini file:

2)  Following is a file with 3 entries, save it as test.bib in the directory you just decided upon.  See if you can have library
search results emailed to yourself, then you can convert the results you receive in the mail directly to BiBTeX format.  For instance, see r2b and ref2bib they convert from REFER format to BiBTeX format.  They reside at BiBNeT, described in (3)

% Here is the start of test.bib

@String{pub-SIAM = "Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics"}
@String{pub-SIAM:adr = "Philadelphia, PA,USA"}

  author =       "Marsha Berger",
  title =        "Data Structures for Adaptive Mesh Refinement",
  crossref =     "Babuska:1983:ACM",
  publisher =    pub-SIAM,
  address =      pub-SIAM:adr,
  pages =        "??",
  year =         "1983",
  bibsource = "",}

  editor =       "Ivo Babuska and Jagdish Chandra and Joseph E. Flaherty",
  title =        "Adaptive computational methods for partial differential equations",
  publisher =    pub-SIAM,
  address =      pub-SIAM:adr,
  pages =        "xii + 251",
  year =         "1983",
  ISBN =         "0-89871-191-6",
  LCCN =         "QA377 .A29 1983",
  bibdate =      "Tue Oct 11 12:35:12 1994",
  bibsource = "",}

  author =   {H. A. Bethe},
  title =   {The theory of shock waves for an arbitrary equation of state},
  institution =  {Office of Scientific Research and Development},
  year =   1942,
  number =  545,
  abstract = {You can have an abstract, it will not appear in your LaTeX'd paper}}

% Here is the end of test.bib

3)  Here is a LaTeX file, save it as it.tex. Then at the command prompt, latex it    <- No .extension required.
bibtex it
latex it
latex it
(I'm going on a limb here, I didn't try this, I hope I have no mistakes.)

% Here is the start of it.tex

While this \cite{Bethe-HA42} is a masterful report, it is unfortunate that Bethe didn't have LaTeX.

You can find bibliography files of many authors as part of the BibNet Project.  The master copy is available for public access on in the directory tree /pub/bibnet/authors.  For instance, the paper \cite{Berger:1983:DSA} is from Marsha Berger's file at that site.  Her file is particularly sophisticated, with strings defined and cross-references used.

%\bibliographystyle{you could uncomment this and change the style in these braces}

% Now tell bibtex what *.bib file(s) to readin.
% You could have a comma seperated list of files, no extensions required.
% No spaces before or after filenames, just
% \bibliography{file1,file2,file3}

% This is the end of it.tex

A perl script to convert Refer format to bibtex format.  The script is from:


Dviwin previewer:

For installation tips of dviwin previewer, read Minten's page

Here is info about xdviwin. You may need to update your commctl32.dll from:

To download xdviw32 beta look at:
or at

If you want dvips 5.74(Copyright 1997 by Radical Eye Software) (MiKTeX 1.09) go to:

To use  DVIPS,alone with the RedMon "Redirection Port Monitor" (created by Russell Lang, the author of
GSview).  What it does: RedMon allows transparent PostScript printing from Windows 95(/98?) and NT.  See for details. Once you have set up a redirected port (named "RPT1:" for example), you should be able to print directly to the printer from DVIPS using the command line option "-o!RPT1:"  So your users can still print using a single "DOS box" command.

There is a nice documentation in the Web for installation dictionaries. Look for it at:

Emacs, AucTeX, NTMacs, GNU

Emacs, LaTeX etc, for your PC (Win 95/NT)

Installation instructions for emacs and

Sooner or later, you will find out that Emacs is better than any other editor.   To install NTemacs together with AuCTeX(major model for Latex in emacs), ReFTeX(for label, reference and citation) and Ispell can be found at:

Place where you can find information on the emacs and auctex:

AucTeX provides the best TeX environment to be ever found. Check:

Auctex, the standard with xemacs, but not included in emacs.  It works fine with NTemacs.  See: and also

NTEmacs and AucTeX. For download instructions, see e.g.:
For emacs and auctex installation see:

If you have any question in relation to Emacs(NT FAQ) go to:

Port of GNU Emacs to windows NT at:

Information about gnuclientw

For emacs, follow the directions on the NT_emacs home page:

An  internet page which describes the implementation of miktex and emacs: Native 32-bit TeXing on PC.

Iinformation  available about Emacs for win95/NT: GNU Emacs for Windows NT and Windows 95

The Windows 95/NT GNU RCS Component Software:

For GNU latest release: The GNU-Win32 Project

Site for NTEmacs:

Ntemacs, a free text editor for LaTeX. To be used in conjunction with AUC-TeX package.
Notes: what’s the advantages of AUC over LaTeX? AucTeX does not replace LaTeX, rather it is an editing-and-compiling mode for LaTeX in emacs. A few nice features: it runs LaTeX, and then parses the log file. So, instead of running LaTeX, finding an error, stopping, and doing the whole thing again, you can run LaTeX all the way through, and then have AucTeX bring you to each error LaTeX finds in succession. Also, some nice input features: command completion or menu-driven entry, matching $s, etc, and some formatting of the input (.tex) file. And syntax highlighting, etc. In short, AUCTeX is a TeX-editing environment with many useful features like syntax-shortcuts, and so on. It sits on top of LaTeX. Get it at:

A self-extracting version of NTEmacs, that should work on Win95 also. Its version 19.34.6 and weights in as a 7.5mb download – This installation contains the full binaries, but no source.

Try Ispell for NTemacs
: Ispell 4.0 can be found at and ispell 3.1 at

Gnuplot in unix and Windows versions. See

A new version of Emacs can be found at

Graphics Software

GnuPlo: To plot graphs from equations or data files. It outputs many formats includung Postscript and  LaTeX picture environment. See or or

DPlot Home page

For plotting, look at the various packages at

A good design package running under WindowsNT suitable for drawing and particularly graphs: Mayura Draw,see See the instructions at

Another graphic pack:  tkpaint is easier to use with more functionality. The url:
Drawings are saved in a special format, but you can easily export to encapsulated postscript without any problems. It's free, too.

If you need to download jpeg2ps go to Thomas Merz web page
If you REALLY need to include JPEG files on the fly, there is a way.  First put jpeg2ps.exe in your path (probably texmf/miktex/bin).  Here's an example that just now worked for me (using MiKTeX):

\DeclareGraphicsRule{.JPG}{eps}{*}{`jpeg2ps #1}

\includegraphics [width=\textwidth , bb= 20 20 575 575]{slope.JPG}


The bb= stuff is the bounding box information TeX needs.  So where did these numbers come from?  I ran jpeg2ps in a dos command line and created an eps file, then opened the file to get the numbers.  Even though tex calls jpeg2ps on the
fly and must generate these numbers, apparantly there's no way to get tex to use these numbers; they must be in the \includegraphics command.

Thus, this method is worthwhile only if you have a large number of jpeg image files all of the same size.

If you scanned an image, convert/save the scanned image to eps format. For   instructions go to They will tell you everything else you need to know.

I think it is often still best to convert things to eps and generate Postscript files with dvips. To do this I like to convert bitmaps to
jpeg format and then use jpeg2ps to convert this to eps. This makes small eps files since it keeps the jpeg compression (You need level 2 Postscript.). I got jpeg2ps from

As far as coverting bitmaps I often use Irfan View It is a nice viewer, can convert between a number of formats (it can do multiple files in batch mode), can crop and cut and paste, and other stuff. It is freeware if you use it at home, the author would like a small fee if you use it at work.

Psfrag package, at CTAN, /macros/latex/contrib/supported/psfrag.  It will replace a label of your choice in your
PostScript figure with properly typeset text of your specification.  So you don't have to try to place formulas or symbols, etc. in your figures.
1) If you have the Cygwin package   and an X server, you can compile xfig

2) A very credible lookalike has been written in Java:
It lacks a few features of the full xfig(rotated text and alignment commands being the ones I miss most) but
may do quite well for you.

3) Try SmartDraw Profession (v4), see

TkPaint is a very capaple vector drawing program with eps-export. It's available for both Windows and Unix. Windows: Unix:

A good freeware graphics converter
(.bmp, .jpg.,  .gif, etc. to .eps) for Win95/98? You can download the Viewer Pro from . It doesn't convert to vector graphics so the files will be quite large. One program which can trace a vextor graphic from a bitmap format is Corel Draw.  Try also, IrfanView: Another one, Use ImageMagic to convert Latex files to Html. Use it for
converting equations from eps to gif format. Moreover, convert bitmaps to JPEG then use jpeg2ps to put an eps
wrapping on it. That way the jpeg compression is retained and the file size is small. This works for Postscript level 2. Get it from: jpeg2ps  or from CTAN.

LaTeX and TeX

TUG Membership:

Introduction to TeX and LaTeX. You can find brilliant introductions both to TeX and LaTeX2e at CTAN:/tex-archive/info. Look for lshort2e for LaTeX (tex, dvi, ps, and pdf formats) and gentle.tex for TeX.

If you need information concerning TeX and/or LaTeX, visit our page on TeX and LaTeX resources.

For lshort2e go to: or any of the many mirror sites.

For the Spanish speaking community, fonts for ``Una Descripcin de LaTeX2e'' can be found at, versions 0.3 and 0.4. As an alternative, if you use Adobe's Acrobat go to If you need "Una Descripcin de LaTeX2e", write to : or visit  Tomas Bautista Home Page at:
Look also at the directory:, there you will find a Zip package, a Tar package and a gzip pack. Also there is a postscript document file, and a new pdf.

Macros and packages for LaTeX

TeX and Friends:

Information about LaTeX:

LaTeX Textbooks
Leslie Lamport's  LaTeX User's Guide and Reference Manual
The Latex Companion by Goossens, Mittelbach, and Samarin
Goossens, Rahtz, Mittelbach.  The LaTeX Graphics companion.
A Guide to LaTex2e, by Helmut Kopka and Patrick W. Daly, Addison Wesley, 1997, ISBN 0-201-42777-X.
All of them from Addison Wesley.
There is also apparently a Latex Graphics Companion which is good if you use a lot of graphics.  Further information on references can be found at and

If you want to know about some of the best TeX and LaTeX books available for purchase online please visit: TeX and LaTeX Books: Our Favorites, or order your favorite from Cyber Math Virtual Bookstore.

However, the real trick to learning TeX/LaTeX is getting someone in your field to give you copies of the TeX files for some nicely done papers.  I can't imagine trying to learn TeX by any method other than seeing how someone has done it right for your own field.   I am pretty sure that the xxx archive posts the TeX source files for the papers stored there.  You might look there for some good samples. 

How to learn LaTeX. A piece of advice.
1.) Read.  From CTAN: info/gentle.tex a gentle introduction to TeX info/ EPS graphics in LaTeX 2e documents.
FILES.byname file (nearly 4 MB!) so you can see what is in CTAN.

From CTAN or in your tex directory tree: tds.dvi  "A Directory Structure for TeX Files" to help you figure a sane way to maintain your TeX tree. It comes with MiKTeX, texmf\doc\general\tds.dvi

2.) Buy 3 books:  (Who said using LaTeX was going to be free?). See above. Be aware of where you can borrow Knuth.  The TeXBook. Because sometimes you need a little TeX with your LaTeX.

3.) Get example LaTeX files from other people.

4.) Learn BibTeX IMMEDIATELY.  As soon as you have to type in your very first reference in a bibliography, you will be
farther ahead to learn BibTeX.  It's easier to learn than most things in LaTeX.   The first 2 books(above)  I mentioned cover it, and there is documentation for it in your MiKTeX distribution. In fact... when you do literature searches on line, see if you can save them electronically. At least if you can save them in REFER format, then you can convert them with a perl script (or a mode in the emacs editor) to a BibTeX file.
The converters are at CTAN (I think), or search for Nelson Beebe's BibTeX site (somewhere at Be aware of the makebst program to produce custom made bibliography styles (don't actually learn it until you have to, there's plenty of
pre-defined bibliography styles.)

5.) Consider XEmacs for your editor if/when you are in Unix as it can display equations in a kind of wysiwyg mode with the
x-symbol package (which you can find by web search).  An emacs/Unix guru might need to help install that package.  Be warned ... "Learning XEmacs is a lifelong activity." It's more than an editor.  It's a way of life.

6.) Use PSFrag for typesetting text in EPS graphics.  You'll find it described in  'This is a marvel.

7.) Read comp.text.tex newsgroup.  Caution: high traffic.

8.) There's a Tex Users Group (TUG).  You may consider join it.

BibTeX and PSFrag are easy to put off, but they are gems.  You save time and heartache by learning them up front.

Latex by examples. Take a look at:

If you are looking for books about LaTeX, go the site of  Addison Wesley:

Spanish Babel now available: In the CTAN website you can now find version 1.1 of spanishb. As before look for it at

How to delete files associated with LaTeX and avoid lossing hard drive space.
Set an association for .tex extension with a batch file, say texme.bat, which looks
like this:

me %1

del *.aux
del *.log
del *.bak
del *.dvi rem -- optional

where "me" is an editor (Multi-Edit), which I use as a shell (exactly as WinEdt or TeXshell or TeXed).

To adjust margins look for the package vmargin. It is available on CTAN.

For an APA style, search CTAN ( for apa.sty. 

Help for LaTeX:

Macintosh TeX and LaTeX Web Site:

Tex and PyTeX users page( in Spanish):

Python utility for doing Rumbaugh OO boxes in Tex:

True Type in pdfLaTeX:

The "caption" package to be used in conjunction with LaTeX, can be find at:

If you need the style wrapfig:

A searchable index on a www page:

The UK TeX Archive has an excellent alphabetically ordered catalogue. You can download the files needed for getting caption2.sty from there. The URL is:

How to use the  newcommand in order to generated natural integer, rational and real number sets symbols, respectively:

If you have installed AMS packages, include the pack <<amsfonts>> thru \mathbb. You can define some macros as follows:

> \usepackage{amsfonts}
> \newcommand{\N}{\mathbb{N}}
> \newcommand{\R}{\mathbb{R}}
> \newcommand{\C}{\mathbb{C}}

Thereafter, use  \N, \R or \C, where you need them. You must use $$, to use them in equations or text.
If you define your macros as


you will be able to use them within the text without having to go to math mode.

If you use AMSFonts package in Blackoard Bold, write \mathbb{N,Z,Q,R,C} If necessary you might load,
\input amssym.def
\input amssym
(use,  \usepackage if  LaTeX).

Another way,


% ----------------------------------------------------------------

This simbol represent the Natural numbers \N\\
This simbol represent the Whole numbers \Z\\
This simbol represent the Rational numbers \Q\\
This simbol represent the Irrationals numbers \M\\
This simbol represent the Real numbers \R\\
This simbol represent the Complex numbers \C\\
This simbol represent the operator \D, or \F or \E \\
This simbol represent the famous {\huge \DE}\\
This is the Euro sign: {\sffamily\texteuro\ }\\

In Plain TeX:

\def\N{{\num N}}
\def\R{{\num R}}

%If we leave a space between the last two braces " }" of the definition of the macro \R and  \N it will not be necessary to add %a second \ in  \R\, to have a space therafter. However, this have the inconvinience of leaving a space when followed by a %punctuation sign.


\centerline {\bf COMMENTS:}


\This is the \R\ of the Real Numbers, and to denote the Natural Numbers we use \N.

What we have defined works not only in math mode but outside it. For example, the letters $\num ABCD$ are written in math mode, but {\num Z} is not, neither is {\num PQ}.

Moreover, thanks to the definition as a "family of letters", in math mode they change size automatically when used as subscripts or subscripts-subscripts. This is better seem in the following example.

$$\{p_n(x)\}_{n\in\N} .$$

It does not  matter that it is written within text, $\{p_n(x)\}_{n\in\N}$, it keep looking good.


% If we use a much simpler definition
% \font\msbm=msbm10
% \def\R{\hbox{\msbm R}}
% \def\N{\hbox{\msbm N}}
% then the R and the N of the Real and Natural Numbers does not becomes smaller when used as a subscript

Another place where to find the Euro sign:
If you go to> you might end up with a big list, but somo of the links can be useful.
For example, For Postscript take a look at: The Euro symbol is in the package: textcomp.sty. This mean at the beginning  of the document you must type:  \usepackage{textcomp}. Then to print the symbol use \texteuro
If you need to know what other symbols are contained in the package do as follows: latex textcomp.ins. You will get test.tex
then, latex test.tex and finally, xdvi test.dvi.
Fonts related to Euro from  Adobe: This are for those using the Mac. If you use a PC,

To download the afms for Times, Helvetica, Courier, Palatina etc.,  go to  'some ctan' /systems/msdos/4alltex/diskp2
There are also tfms in the directory. For future reference, I recommend
to search the whole CTAN directory structure for any pattern.

I have the following problem: I have a source code of program included in my document in verbatim environment and now I would like to add some comments to this program, that reference to the equations described elsewhere in the text. How to manage it (i.e. how to execute regular LaTex commands from verbatim env.)?
There is a recent released package called fancyvrb at CTAN that can manage this. I am attaching an example that worked to me. This package can be found at
A short example follows:
%%%% example using fancyvrb %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

A test with equation:

was typeset as
and the command \ref{eq:01} produces the number +ref[eq:01]
%%%%%%%%% Example ends here %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

Euro Sign. The following commands give you the euro symbol: ...
bla {\sffamily\texteuro\ }blablabla ...

If you need teTeX look for it a

Is there a tool to convert MS-Word formatted files to LaTeX (at least the main part of the formating work...)?
K-Talk has some commercial tools,

Package to convert latex to html for WindowsNT-platforms.
Try 'TechExplorer' in IBM web site. Just search it in yahoo, you will not miss it. See also, latex2html! The package is based on the Perl interpreter which is available for Win95/NT as well(see ). Latex2html is - compared to MikTeX - a bit hard to install, but the results (including formulas and pictures, is good. You can find it on CTAN (.../pub/tex/systems/win32/web2c).   Perl installation is just running a setup program.

latextohtml converter on a Win95 computer
You'll find GDBM_File in sources and in precompiled binaries at

WebEQ is a 100% pure Java system for creating and displaying interactive scientific Web documents. To gain access try:

Seeking for a converter  LaTeX to HTML. There is one quite simple and works under Solaris and Unix:

An article on "Using LaTeX to Create Quality PDF Documents for the WWW": look at

The distribution of the french latex on

To build up decision trees using latex.  Look up the package called QobiTree, at

Chof’s TeX archives. Mostly in Korean:

In I have listed 17 shells or guis for tex/latex/bibtex. Listed programs are free- and shareware. See also
for some useful hints.

Where I can get "revtex.cls"?  Look for it at ctan. There's an index at revtex.cls, incidentally, would belong to the American Physical Society and they'd be a good starting point for the file if it's not at ctan. Look also at

How to get in latex command the 'registered' symbol (The capital R enclosed by a circle). A couple of ways:
$\textcircled {R}$
I have also used it as a superscript like this $^{\textcircled {\scriptsize R}}$
Try also: \newcommand{\Rtrademark}{$^{\text{\textcircled{\tiny R}}}$}
or, \textregistered

The "L" symbol for a Laplace Transform. In order to create the Laplace L you need to install the mathrsfs.sty and
mathrsfs.rme files as well as for metafont, and All files are available on the CTAN. For more information see the Dante FAQ 8.1.2
Another solution: There are script fonts in AmS-TeX (as well as AmS-LaTeX);though, L isn't that fancy there (try it). In AmS-TeX it suffices to say \Cal L in math mode.
Another option: Install the rsfs fonts (Ralph Smith's Formal Script Symbol Fonts), they do indeed look great. The file mathrsfs.rme (readme) and mathrsfs.sty are in macros/latex/contrib/supported/jknappen (and lots of other is in this directory as well) and the font files are in fonts/rsfs. There is a subdirectory of rsfs with type1 fonts (afm, pfm, and pfb files). Put all of this in a  localtexmf directory and mimic tds (good idea? seems to be a lot of trouble).

Another TeX and LaTeX engine, VTeX: The NTG board. WWW:; e-mail:
address: NTG / PO Box 394 / 1740 AJ Schagen / The Netherlands
The release of VTeX 6.2 for the first time enabled TeX users to create quality Acrobat document mixing text and graphics, designing the new document compiler was only part of our work. To get the best out of TeX and PDF one also needs quality fonts.
We therefore have developed two new font families:

HV-math supplements the standard Adobe Helvetica with all symbols required for TeX typesetting; TM-math does the same for the Times Roman.

Both families include both regular and bold variants and are supplied in the Type 1 format. They can be used with either VTeX's PDF mode or with the PostScript output from the DVI mode. You can use them with other DVI drivers, provided that you have the ATM installed.

The intended use for TM-math is a replacement for the Computer Modern for documents where the quality and traditional appearance is important. HV-math can be used as such replacement as well; in addition, you can use it for presentations/slides, or for the title lines within TM-text.

More detailed descriptions and samples of the new families are posted on our Web site.

Some additional URL's for sample documents are:

For comparison, we also provide the same documents compiled with the CM fonts:

We will appreciate if you let us know what you think about these samples and what other fonts would be most useful for your work. The introductory price for either family is only US $100; you must have VTeX 6.2 to use them.

The up-to-date patches are now posted on our Web site. Notice that the current version of the software is 6.21 and if you
have already noticed and downloaded the "to620" patch you should get the "620to621" as well.

Version 6.21 has a couple of new features (page background in the PDF mode (the \pagecolor command in graphicx) and a workaround for a major bug in Adobe's Distiller) and fixes a couple of minor problems of EPS inclusion reported to us. Additional details on the changes in 6.21are in the current README.PDF file which can be downloaded from the page.

In addition, our web page now has the online description of 6.2/GeX:

TeX and LaTeX resources for the spanish speaking peoples. For a list of members together with information about  CervanTeX ( a TeX and LaTeX user groups for Spanish Speaking Peoples) go to: or better, to the CervanTeX official page: CervanTeX has been under creation since two years ago. To read their newly approved bylaws go to: or better Page of spanish users of latex / pagina de usuarios en espanyol de latex: Page of drawing utility for tex / pagina de utilidad de dibujo para Latex:

There are two excellent web-resources for LaTeX.  There is a newsgroup entirely devoted to TeX and LaTeX: news:comp.text.tex.  Deja News archives the posts to this newsgroup, and offers a useful search engine:

Chemistry in Tex/LaTeX: Check out chemtex in // and other 'chem' packages in // Try programs such as chemsketch or IsisDraw. They a free for
noncommercisl use. Formulas can be imported via eps into latex documents. Addresses can be found in Stevens chemistry software page for windows:

Are 7pt, 8pt and 9pt options (size7.clo, size8.clo and size9.clo) for article.cls available somewhere? Take a look at:
. There are the options 8pt and 9pt  in the AMS-classes amsart.cls, amsbook,cls, amsproc.cls.CTAN: macros/ latex /packages/amslatex/. In addition you can find a 9pt.clo on page

I would like to ask is it possible to work with cyrrilic alphabet and where are location to download what is necessary. For cyrillic text and Russian is T2/X2 package. See:

There is a CTAN Server with a search index where you can find all classes, styles, fonts and so on. Take a look at:

How to transfer lots of data between a msdos machine (win 3.X) and a win95/98:

How to use TrueType fonts with TeX (pdfTeX) and LaTeX (pdfLaTeX):

MSPS is a set of MS core fonts (free for non-commercial use, as far as I know)--- Times New Roman, Arial and Courier New in Postscript Type 1 format, reencoded so that only T2A+LCY symbols are left. This includes English characters. Find it at:

I'm writing a proposal using LaTeX (MikeTeX) and I want to include some references. Can some one help me and show me how to write the references section!! I need the format of references to start with Name and Year; i.e.,  not with a number.
Solution: consider the natbib package found on CTAN.  It can do exactly what you'd like.  I also have used it together with the package makebib. The second package allows you to customize the order in which specific elements appear in each item on the reference list.

German umlaute in source code: If you need to use in the Source Code. Take a look at:
Moreover, WinEdt can automatically convert your input from to \"a\"o\"u\ss or whatever... Here's a snippet from the Helpfile:
Spelling and International Characters [..]
For Example:
              "\`{\i}" -> ""
              "\'{\i}" -> ""
              "\^{\i}" -> ""
              "" -> "\`{\i}"
              "" -> "\'{\i}"
              "" -> "\^{\i}"
[..] while your sources remain 100% portable. [..] Please note that using "ansinew" codepage for LaTeX still allows you to explicitly translate a file when it is "imported" or before it is "exported". All this is configured in "Options - Settings - Translations" You can define that for a lot of strings/characters... e.g. that you type "" and WinEdt writes "{\copyright}"...

Large letters: There's this short hack, using TeX commands:
\font\HHuge=cmr12 at 10cm
{\HHuge This is big!}
Also, take a look at   There you will find files sizeXX.clo, where XX=14,17,20 to make large letters
Another solution. Since MiKTeX comes with LaTeX and the graphicx package, why not take advantage of the graphics commands?  Something like

\scalebox{3}{Some big text}

Will increase the size of the text threefold.  And I don't know of any (explicit) hardwired limits to the size of the text.

Python utility for doing Rumbaugh OO boxes in TeX and other TeX tools:

How I can get the style file psfrag.sty? Try,

A descriptions for packages available for TeX and LaTeX:


MiKTeX 1.11 beta 3 is available for download at:

A test version of the forthcoming update package is available for download:

Upgrade package from MikTeX 1.10 to 1.11:
The second update package is now available:

Guidance for a complete reinstall:

FAQ or HowTo about MiKTeX :
I will appreciate a lot if superusers of miktex will send (what they think are frequently asked) questions AND answers to me, Jarl Friis at:

MikTeX in German:

To subscribe in the texk-win32 mailing list write to: Only send a mail with "Subject: subscribe".

You can download zlib.dll from

To update MikTeX (v1.10) with the newest LaTeX2e release (6/98), look for a file called 'miktex.txt' within the base directory on ctan. In updating the LaTeX installation we noticed a few inaccuracies in the miktex.txt file that was in the base directory.
The directions tell you to extract the base directory into /texmf/tex/latex. That won't work in the next step when you try to run initex on on unpack.ins. initex cannot find unpack.ins (even though you run it from a dos box in the same directory).
Unfortunately, the file miktex.txt was not updated by the latex-team. The distributed version was tested with miktex 1.09 and worked fine. Try using WinEdt, load unpack.ins and everything should ran smoothly.
What I did was to extract everything to a temp directory, run initex and everything else, and then move the new base directory into the texmf structure. I will check this as soon as the final version of miktex 1.11 is
available. Hope this will stay until the december-release of latex.
There is a typo, type: C:\TEXMF\MIKTX\CONFIG\CONFIGURE --update-fndb. Should be type: C:\TEXMF\MIKTEX\CONFIG\CONFIGURE --update-fndb
To check the installation, you should move ltxcheck.tex (misspelled as ltxcheck.ltx in the instructions) outside the texmf tree.

The final release of MikTeX 1.11

We've update our installation-guidiance for a TeX-System consisting of MiKTeX, GhostView/GhostScript and WinEdt16 up to MiKTeX 1.11. You could get it under

Information about MiKTeX, NTEmacs and AucTeX:

If you need information related to miktex, winedt, and gsview32 look at:

The source code to MiKTeX:

Zipped MikTeX without sources

MikTeX documentation and

Installation instructions for MikTeX in German. and

Translation of german guide to english:

If you need help with Windows NT and MikTeX take a look at:

Installation instruction for MikTeX in English. and

A complement to MiKTex documentation. The article by Reckdahl is either of the files: (Postscript version) or (PDF version). It is an 85 page report, very well written, with index, etc.

If you want to install LateX2HTML and run it with MiKTeX take the following steps: You first need to get and install perl 5; latex2html is a set of perl scripts. Check out for more info on how to get perl.
Next, download the latex2html distribution. A version for windows is in the web2c distribution in the CTAN archive, e.g.
Note that you will need gunzip and tar to unpack this archive, if you don't have these utilities already. latex2html also uses some of the netpbm tools, so you need to download these executables as well. They allow you to convert virtually any image format to virtually any other image format. For latex people, one of the more useful conversions is conversion of gif, bmp, etc. to postscript. They are in the same directory as latex2html, in the file: You need to unpack this archive and put the executables somewhere in you machine's search path. I did this by creating a directory c:\netpbm containing these executables and adding it to the path by editing my autoexec.bat. I unpacked all these files into the directory c:\texmf\l2h. Then, in the directory \texmf\l2h\users, there were several files that I needed to modify to get it to run. One was, which tells the locations of several tools that latex2html needs. The way you need to edit this file depends on where you have things installed on your computer.
You then need to add the environment variable L2HMODULE, setting the value to
c:/texmf/l2h. You can do this just before you run latex2html, or you can put this definition in autoexec.bat.
Then, to run it, I created a file called l2h.bat in the MiKTeX executables directory. This file contains the single line:
@perl \texmf\l2h\user\latex2html %1 %2 %3 %4 %5 %6 %7 %8 %9
You might have had to make some small modifications to the win32.config and pstoimg scripts so that they could find everything ok with MiKTeX.

Software to convert Latex to HTML: Note LaTeX2HTML was written originally for Unix machines, but there is a "port" for
Windows/DOS. It is a very powerful tool, wich converts your embedded .eps-files *and* your mathematical formulas into .gif-files (what is looking very good when you compare with the formula output of TTH), wich were automatically numbered and embedded into the generated .html-file(s). Also it generates navigation panels at the top of each page (when you like that).
For interested people. Here are my steps to run these fabulous perl-scripts. You will need the following files:
Ghostscript 5.50:
l2h98_2dos.tar.gz:    !!!!!
ActivePerl 509 for Win32: or or
Needed for Win95-Users (Perl-documenation says that)

Then the following steps:
0.   install Perl
1.   extract l2h98_2dos.tar.gz to C:\texmf
2.   no changes from /usr/.../perl into C:/perl/bin in the recommended files (install-test ...)
3.   add Path to gswin32c.exe to autoexec.bat (problem will be resolved in a next version of install-test)
4.   C:\texmf\latex2html> perl install-test
5.   minimal modifications at $Iconserver
6.   minimal modifications at latex2html.config and latex2html
7.   write l2h-Batch; perl C:\texmf\latex2html\latex2html %1.tex  %2 %3 >> %1_l2h.log
8.   C:\texmf\latex2html> l2h.bat test
9.   :-)
A little problem is (still) there: you have to write the complete path to your .eps-files into the \includegraphics-command, otherwise dvips (still) can't find the files to convert.

A site offering a Perl interpreter for Win32:

A very good conversion utility at the following url:   It is called TtH and works on tables, equations etc. Equations are translated to HTML and not mapped in gifs as done by LaTeX2html

Type 1 Fonts and MikTeX. In the document there are some instructions on how to use Type1 fonts with MikTeX.

A place for * pfb fonts:

How to avoid printing page numbers in miktex? Do: \pagestyle{empty}

A new help page for MikTeX from Pedro Aphalo:

Detailed instructions for getting Eitan Gurari's TeX4ht TeX/LaTeX-to-HTML translator working under MikTeX at:


Eitan Gurari, author of the tex4ht tex/latex-to-html translator has just added a feature designed to minimize the time needed to generate gif files.  I've updated my miktex document to describe the new feature. See

If you need help with MikTeX use: The german version is greater.


A Windows NT hints site:  

GunZip for Win32:

Archiplex Form a Search Tool:

If you need infozip: or

X-client software:

Try PFE, a very good freeware that works very good with miktex and so on, at

The VIM Home Page:

A vi version that runs smoothly on win95. Try VIM, it has

-sytax highlighting for lots of files, including tex
- menus galore, someone even put in a tex/latex menu
- very low cost (charity-ware)
- source code so you can make it do whatever you want.
- portablility from unix to win95, NT, VMS,...
- great support in the comp.editors usenet news group
Look at news://comp.editors or and go from there...

To find a version of cygwinb19.dll that handles stdin/stdout from non-cygwin binaries go to Chris Faylor's Home Page:

Introductions to virtual fonts at TeX FAQ:
A jpeg file converter to eps using a program called jpeg2ps by Thomas Merz. Downloaded it from

You can find a new version of dvips on the download page: dos-eps processing should be faster now.

One of the best packages for making commutative diagrams is Xy-pic. Its home page is here:

Gzip is a compression/decompression utility popular in the Unix world.  The above site has executables for MSWindows.

To include a scanned photgraph into  text. The most straightforward thing to do is convert/save the scanned image
to eps format. The instructions you can get from here will tell you everything
else you need to know.

Some Fonts found on CTAN:  RSFS ( and CALLIGRA ( fonts.

The Interactive TeX Editor:

The Home Page of Konstantin Vasil'ev: Programming in TeX.

xfig-programs. If you have the Cygwin package ( and an X server, you can compile xfig itself.  A very credible lookalike has been written in Java:
It lacks a few features of the full xfig (rotated text and alignment commands being the ones I miss most) but otherwise, may do quite well.
TkPaint is a very capaple vector drawing program with eps-export. It's available for both Windows and Unix. Windows:
Try SmartDraw Profession (v4), see It can import and export as eps files + pdf + many others.
As easy to use as xfig, and text lines can have multiple fonts, so you can write simple equations.

To get version 0.7.3 of dvipdfm go to:

From bitmap to eps. First  convert a bitmap to JPEG and then use jpeg2ps to convert that to eps. For jpeg2ps convertor, look at

Tkpaint is a very nice object based drawing program supporting many of the standard objects (rectangles, circles, ellipses, polygons, splines, closed splines, arcs, pie-wedges, text, arrowheads, snapping-to-grid, included images, etc). It is freely
available at

To convert wmf to eps. Get converter (wmf2eps) from

A software to typeset music: LilyPond. Take a look at and


Using TrueType fonts with pdfTeX and pdfLaTeX:

The pdfTeX readme file   There is a mailing list for pdftex at Send a mail saying `subscribe pdftex' to to join. Mails posted to this list are also archived at news:// .

If you need documentation for pdflatex / pdftex look at:

There is also a pdftex FAQ in the works, not much but take a look: news: where the group is
cz.muni.redir.pdftex. There are also some useful references at


If you need ghostscript, there is a newer version of GhostScript (5.5) available at
See also,

There is a web page devoted to printer compatibility and Ghostscript. You can find it at:

A program to put a Postscript wrapper on a JPEG image: Download it from

If you need EPS, there is a shareware package on CTAN called WMF2EPS which works with Windows to make EPS. For more information write to

Using EPS Graphics in Latex2e Documents has a good summary of includegraphics and its options. It is (or at least used to be) available as from the directory or other CTAN sites.

How to convert wmf files in eps files: look at

A list of PS tricks can be found at:
The maintainer (Denis Girou) is very active and ready to help.

If you need to render postscript figures try windvi44, using the ghostscript dll. It comes with web2c but a stand-alone version may be found here:

A TIFF to EPS conversion utility:One is Image Magick,   it converts almost any format. You can also use the image tool "Paint Shop Pro" to convert "Tiff" files to "EPS". The latest version of the shareware can be downloaded from:

A program that puts a PostScript wrapper around a JPEG file. This way it produces pretty compact EPS files. It can be found at

A new postscript driver from adobe. Pick it up at:

In any windows application (like word, excel) you print the picture, diagram ... with that driver to a file. You have to change the  property postscript option = EPS - and that created ps-file works well in your latex doc.

More fonts:

To convert a prn file to a ps file (a "flatened" ps file), use pstoedit (look for the canonical archive at ) then use GSView to convert from ps to eps. This can be used by LaTeX.

To Convert  samp.*  to the JPEG file  samp.jpg, use AcdSee32, which lives at
To Convert samp.jpg to samp.eps,  use the program jpeg2ps, which lives at

Use AcdSee32 to generate * .jpg files from wmf, bmp, dcx, gif, iff, pcd, pcx, pic, png, psd, tga and tiff
files. The jpeg2ps converter will finish the job
. Find shareware at

PrintFile at: It will print text or PostScript files. It has "N-up" for printing multiple pages per side of paper, both for text and for PostScript files.  It can also add headers and line numbers to text files, good
for printing out program code.  Supports drag and drop mode.

If you use Excel and want to be able to edit the table afterwards and not just see and print (as is the case if you used postscript graphics) then go to:

IMHO its the best package for trees/decision trees/game. In the documentation you'll find examples of decision trees and game trees. Check out the examples under and download it from CTAN.

For more information about importing graphics in LaTeX, there's also a document ( or epslatex.pdf)
available from CTAN (e.g. in the subdirectory info.

If you want, a postscript compatible font go to Y&Y storefront at:

There is a website that will covert ps to pdf:

Postscript Fonts:

pdfLaTeX Fonts:

Information from  Adobe about creating PDF files from TeX with DVIPS. Point browser to:

Adobe's web site about creating PDF from LaTeX. Links: and

A free graphic converter for WIN95 which handles a lot of formats to open and save the pictures in colour eps format to include them in my file. Use Image Magick. It's a command line converter and it works fine. You can find pre-compiled binaries for Win95, for free, of course at

PS to PDF: If you need to convert a file from PS to PDF, try

Computer Modern and AMSFonts in Type 1 (PostScript): The PostScript Type 1 implementation of the Computer Modern and AMSFonts produced by and previously distributed by Blue Sky Research and Y&Y, Inc., are now freely available for general use. This has been accomplished through the cooperation of a consortium of scientific publishers with Blue Sky Research and Y&Y.

A guide to PS fonts for TeX:

How to install postscript fonts in MikTeX. There a way of getting emacs to compile Latex code using MikTeX?  Finally,
I don't get the colors that emacs is supposed to provide.  I've even installed Auc-tex as described in W Minten's
web page. 
You should be in "latex-mode" for latex files. M-x latex-mode (maybe just M-x tex-mode, try)
More inforamtion: NT emacs home page:

There are example .emacs files linked to this page, some of them show how to change colors. They also show how to force emacs to auto-recognize your file types and go into the right mode automatically.
Other people's helpful pages:

How to feed compressed (zipped or gziped postcript files) to miktexs dvips.
Look at the document "epslatex.pdf" which you can get from CTAN.../info/. Note that zip and unzip freeware from InfoZIP
( ) work really well.

Text Editors

The MiKTeX project page has a link to a whole list of text editors.  The list was started by a member
of this newsgroup. look at:

Text editor to be used in conjunction with Windows 95

Winedt: (Another good editor for writing Tex, C and C++ files) and

WinEdt32 is available from: or or

WinEdt is shareware ($40 per license), trial copy can be downloaded" from
WinEdt home page is .

You may have a look at


Text editor for windows 3.0:

Another Text Editor for windows 95:

Another text editor, ultraedit:

TextPad HomePage:

Text editors (GWD and UltraEdit). GWD: and UltraEdit:

A good, free text editor for Win95/NT is PFE. You can find it at:

Wtex95. It colors latex expressions and the brackets, making it easily to recognize errors as you type.  You can try it for free at,

For all who needs a TeX-Editor try Dirk Struve's TeXShell32, available at

Programmer's File Editor: An editor for software programmer's.

In the spirit of friendly competition, I'd just like to note that I have written a WinEdt plug-in that provides many of the same functions as the LaTeX Wizard.  You can find it at:

Another editor:  EDITEUR ( . From inside the editor one can setup programs to execute; for example, compile, view with YAP, build a ps file (dvips) and view ps (ghost view). 


The latest yap version .93d at

There's now an experimental version 0.94f-2 available. You'll find it at Christian's web site:

The new YAP is available for download:

An experimental version of vf-enhanced YAP: